Acoustic emission analysis for characterisation of damage mechanisms in glass fiber reinforced polyester composite Acoustic emission analysis for characterisation of damage mechanisms in glass fiber reinforced polyester composite
Abstracta Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing engineering, universiti Putra Malaysia, serdang, Malaysia; b school of engineering and technology (Mechanical engineering), university college of technology sarawak (ucts), sarawak, Malaysia ABSTRACT This study assesses the progression of damage occurring on glass fiber reinforced polyester composite specimens using acoustic emission (AE) parameters. Its aims are to improve understanding of the particular characteristics of AE signals; and also to determine the relationship between AE signals and the failure of the material. Time and frequency domain trends were analysed at four different applied loads (60.97, 67.75, 74.52 and 81.30 MPa) representing 45-60% of the ultimate tensile strength of material. The relevant AE parameters were analysed both in the early stages of the test and as the material neared the fracture zone. The results showed a high degree of correlation between the root mean square and number of hits AE values and the number of cycles to failure, of 92.99 and 92.19%, respectively. This correlation, as well as AE basic parameters, suggests that AE can be a valuable tool to predict the fatigue life and detect the onset of damage in such composite materials.