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Combination of Atrioventricular valve stenosis and regurgitation in fetal heart, a rare but a clinically significant anomaly: A case study
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  • Krishnananda Nayak,
  • Sahana Nayak,
  • Umesh Pai M,
  • Rekha V,
  • Shyamala G
Krishnananda Nayak
Manipal Academy of Higher Education

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Sahana Nayak
Manipal Academy of Higher Education
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Umesh Pai M
Manipal Academy of Higher Education
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Rekha V
Manipal Academy of Higher Education
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Shyamala G
Kasturba Medical College Manipal
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We illustrate a case of atrioventricular valve stenosis associated with insufficiency detected in fetal echocardiography performed in a pregnant woman (22 gestational weeks) of 3rd gravida. The early prenatal diagnosis demonstrated, isolated bilateral atrioventricular value stenosis and insufficiency in the absence of any other associated complex congenital heart diseases such as tricuspid atresia, hypoplastic left heart syndrome, endocardial cushion defect. However, the mother of the affected foetus was found to be normal with no risk factors. Thus, fetal echocardiography plays a pivotal role even in low risk pregnancies for early detection of prenatal cardiac anomalies that guide the obstetricians in determining the risk stratification, therapeutic strategies and prognosis.
17 Jan 2022Submitted to Echocardiography
19 Jan 2022Assigned to Editor
19 Jan 2022Submission Checks Completed
01 Feb 2022Reviewer(s) Assigned
13 Feb 2022Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
16 Feb 2022Editorial Decision: Revise Minor
19 Mar 20221st Revision Received