loading page

SUPG-YZβ formulation for solving convection-dominated steady linear reaction-convection-diffusion equations
  • Suleyman Cengizci,
  • Ömür Uğur,
  • Natesan Srinivasan
Suleyman Cengizci
Middle East Technical University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

Author Profile
Ömür Uğur
Middle East Technical University
Author Profile
Natesan Srinivasan
Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati
Author Profile


In this computational study, stabilized finite element solutions of convection-dominated steady linear reaction-convection-diffusion equations are examined. Although the standard Galerkin finite element method (GFEM) is one of the most robust, efficient, and reliable methods for many engineering simulations, it suffers from instability issues in solving convection-dominated problems. To this end, this work deals with a stabilized version of the standard GFEM, called the streamline-upwind/Petrov-Galerkin (SUPG) formulation, to overcome the instability issues in solving such problems. The stabilized formulation is further supplemented with YZβ shock-capturing to provide additional stability around sharp gradients. A comprehensive set of test computations is provided to compare the results obtained by using the GFEM, SUPG, and SUPG-YZβ formulations. It is observed that the GFEM solutions involve spurious oscillations for smaller values of the diffusion parameter, as expected. These oscillations are significantly eliminated when the SUPG formulation is employed. It is also seen that the SUPG-YZβ formulation provides better solution profiles near steep gradients, in general.