Packing size effect on the liquid circulation property in an
external-loop packed bubble column
Packing size effects on the fluid dynamics in an external-loop packed
bubble column with Raschig rings of three different effective diameters
(5, 14 and 41 mm) in the riser were investigated. The overall gas
holdup, liquid circulating velocity and gas-liquid mass transfer
coefficient were respectively measured by volume expansion method,
tracer-response method and dynamic oxygen-absorption technique. CFD
simulation with the Euler-Euler two-fluid method was used to predict the
liquid circulating velocity by treating the packing as a porous medium.
Compared to the empty column, the gas holdup was found to increase with
the presence of packing, however, the liquid circulating velocity and
gas-liquid mass transfer coefficient may increase or decrease.
Specifically, the gas holdup increases with the decrease of packing
size, while the liquid circulating velocity is on the contrary, which
induces the maximal gas-liquid mass transfer rate at packing diameter of