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Estimation of energy dissipation in step-pool reaches of mountain river - a field investigation
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  • Abbas Torabizadeh,
  • Hamid-Reza Ghafouri,
  • Mohamadreza Majdzadehtabatabai,
  • Ahmad Tahershamsi
Abbas Torabizadeh
Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Hamid-Reza Ghafouri
Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
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Mohamadreza Majdzadehtabatabai
Shahid Beheshti University
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Ahmad Tahershamsi
Amirkabir University of Technology Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
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The bed of the step-pool rivers is adapted to the flow conditions in terms of the topographic position and the steep slope of the path in such a way to dissipate the water energy, along the river. The beds of these rivers is sinusoidal like the meander rivers. However, as the river banks are mostly rocky in mountainous areas and the erosion in these areas is less, the bed fluctuation of these reaches is mainly vertical. When the water flow streams from the step crest into the pool, most of the water energy dissipates. In addition to the height difference, other factors contribute to the energy dissipation in the step pool reaches. The present study examines the energy dissipation by determining its effective factors, including step height (H), step length (L), hydraulic radius (R), sediment material diameter (d84), velocity in the step (V), etc. by field measurements in three reaches of mountain rivers. In the same vein, an equation is provided to estimate energy dissipation in the step pool reaches, by considering measurable effective parameters.