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A game of Whack-A-Mole: closing multiple ventricular septal defects
  • Sandeep Sainathan,
  • Leonardo Mulinari
Sandeep Sainathan
University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
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Leonardo Mulinari
University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
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Abstract

Multiple ventricular septal defects (m-VSD), are a challenging clinical problem. m-VSD can be onerous to manage. Besides the inability to close all the defects in one operative setting due to inadequate visualization, previously undetected defects may become clinically apparent after the closure of the dominant defects, leading to inadequate ventricular septation. This increases the morbidity from the progression of pulmonary hypertension, persistence of congestive cardiac failure, higher incidence of postoperative heart block, and the need for reoperations.

Peer review status:ACCEPTED

19 Nov 2021Submitted to Journal of Cardiac Surgery
19 Nov 2021Assigned to Editor
19 Nov 2021Submission Checks Completed
19 Nov 2021Editorial Decision: Accept