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Frequency and risk factors of acute and permanent femoral arterial occlusion in neonates with congenital heart disease who undergo ultrasound˗guided femoral arterial access
  • Mahmut GOKDEMIR,
  • Nimet CINDIK
Mahmut GOKDEMIR
Baskent University Faculty of Medicine

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Nimet CINDIK
Baskent University Faculty of Medicine
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Abstract

Background: In neonates, securing femoral arterial access is challenging and time consuming even in experienced hands. Data on frequency and risk factors of ALAP and PFAO are scarce in neonates with CHD. We investigated frequency and risk factors of acute loss of the arterial pulse (ALAP) and permanent femoral arterial occlusion (PFAO) in neonates with congenital heart disease (CHD) underwent ultrasound˗guided femoral arterial access (US˗GFAA). Methods: We divided the patients into groups according to the presence of ALAP and PFAO. We obtained data related to patient characteristics and access variables of US˗GFAA from our database of pediatric cardiac catheterization between August 2017 and May 2021. We used an echocardiography˗S6, 12˗MHz linear probe, 21˗gauge needle, and a 0.018”guidewire for arterial access. A 4˗French sheath (7cm) was placed in all patients. Results: US˗GFAA was obtained in 323(98.8%) of the 327 neonates. We identified ALAP in 130(40.2%) patients and PFAO in 19(5.9%) patients. Median weight was 3.05(IQR: 2.80˗3.40) kg, first attempt success rate was 88.2% and median access time was 46 sec (IQR: 23˗94). Logistic regression analysis identified coarctation of the aorta (Odds ratio: 2.46; 95% CI: 1.30˗4.66; P=0.006) as independent risk factor for ALAP, but did not identify any independent risk factors for PFAO. Conclusion: This study showed that coarctation of the aorta is an independent risk factor for ALAP in neonates with CHD underwent US˗GFAA and placed a 4˗French sheath. Although most cases of ALAP resolve in the early period, the frequency of PFOA remains high despite effective treatment.