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The structure and function of the rhizosphere microbial communities of Carex praeclara and Leymus secalinus in a Zoige alpine grassland
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  • TingKun Jian,
  • Yue Xia,
  • Ruipeng He,
  • Jie zhang
TingKun Jian
Sichuan University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Yue Xia
Sichuan University
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Ruipeng He
Sichuan University
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Jie zhang
Sichuan University
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Abstract

Rhizosphere microorganisms are thought to play a crucial role in the promotion of plant growth and health. Carex praeclara and Leymus secalinus are dominant plant species that have colonized the desertification land of Alpine wetland grasslands in Zoige. There is a lack of comprehensive research on their rhizosphere microbes. In this study, we used deep shotgun metagenomic sequencing to analyze the microbial community and functional composition of the rhizosphere and corresponding non-rhizosphere soils of C. praeclara and L. secalinus. The microbial diversity and structure exhibited a remarkable difference among the rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere samples, and the predominant taxa included Actinobacteria, Proteobacteria, Acidobacteria and Chloroflexi in all the samples. Genes that were over-represented include those involved in the acquisition of nutrients, stress responses, transposable elements and plant growth promotion suggest that the interactions between microbe-plant and microbe-microbe are more intense in the rhizosphere soil. The relative abundances of pivotal genes that participate in microbial nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) transformation were higher in the rhizosphere soil than in the non-rhizosphere soil, indicating the enhancement of potential soil N- and P-cycling in the plant rhizosphere. Our findings provide valuable information on the structure and function of the microbial communities of the C. praeclara and L. secalinus rhizospheres and lay a foundation for the further use of C. praeclara and L. secalinus to increase vegetation coverage, improve soil properties and restore the ecological function of degraded alpine sandy land.