Effectiveness of Closed-PICU Perioperative Management of Children with
Congenital Tracheal Stenosis
Perioperative management of congenital tracheal stenosis (CTS) is
challenging. Objectives: We investigated the effect of closed-pediatric
intensive care unit (PICU) perioperative management by pediatric
intensivists, compared with open-PICU management by surgeons, on the
ventilator-free days (VFD) and length of postoperative PICU stay in
children with CTS. Methods: This retrospective cohort study was
conducted in a PICU in Japan. Children with CTS who underwent slide
tracheoplasty were grouped according to whether they were
perioperatively managed in an open (January 2015 to April 2016) or a
closed (May 2016 to July 2019) PICU. Data were extracted from patient
medical records. Results: In total, 13 and 38 patients were included in
the open- and closed-PICU groups, respectively. Compared to the
open-PICU group, the closed-PICU group had shorter durations of muscle
relaxant administration (median: 4 vs. 5 days; P < 0.001);
earlier initiation of enteral feeding (median: postoperative day 1 vs.
postoperative day 7; P < 0.001); more 28-day VFD (median: 21
vs. 20 days; P = 0.04); and shorter duration of postoperative PICU stay
(median: 16 vs. 36 days; P = 0.002), but the mortality did not differ
significantly (0/38 [0%] vs. 1/13 [8%]; P = 0.25).
Conclusions: Closed-PICU perioperative management with pediatric
intensivists’ participation significantly increased 28-day VFD and
reduced the length of postoperative PICU stay in patients with CTS.