loading page

Whole-genome assembly and annotation of little yellow croaker (Larimichthys polyactis) provide insights into the evolution of hermaphroditism and gonochorism
  • +9
  • Qing-Ping Xie,
  • Wei Zhan,
  • Jian-zhi Shi,
  • Feng Liu,
  • Bao-Long Niu,
  • Xue He,
  • Meng Liu,
  • Qiqi Liang,
  • Yue Xie,
  • Peng Xu,
  • Xu Wang,
  • Bao Lou
Qing-Ping Xie
Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Author Profile
Wei Zhan
Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Author Profile
Jian-zhi Shi
Author Profile
Feng Liu
Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Author Profile
Bao-Long Niu
Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Author Profile
Xue He
Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Author Profile
Qiqi Liang
Author Profile
Peng Xu
Xiamen University
Author Profile
Xu Wang
Auburn University
Author Profile
Bao Lou
Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Author Profile

Abstract

The evolutionary direction of gonochorism and hermaphroditism is an intriguing mystery to be solved. The special transient hermaphroditic stage makes the little yellow croaker (Larimichthys polyactis, L. polyactis) an appealing model for studying the formation of hermaphrodites. On the other hand, as the most famous commercial fish species in East Asia, the origin and evolutionary relationship of L. polyactis and Larimichthys crocea remain unclear. Here, we report the genome sequence of L. polyactis, with a size of ~706 Mb (contig N50 = 1.21 Mb and scaffold N50 = 4.52 Mb) and 25,233 protein-coding genes. Phylogenomic analysis suggests that L. polyactis diverged from the common ancestor of Larimichthys crocea ~25.4 million years ago. Our high-quality genome assembly enabled comparative genomic analysis, which revealed a number of within-chromosome rearrangements and translocations without major chromosome fission or fusion events between the two species. The dmrt1 gene was identified as the candidate sex determination gene in L. polyactis. The expression of dmrt1 and its upstream regulatory gene rnf183 were both sexually dimorphic in the transcriptome analysis. Rnf183, unlike its two paralogues rnf223 and rnf225, is only present in Larimichthys but not in other teleost species, suggesting that it originated from a lineage-specific duplication or was lost in other teleosts. Phylogenetic analysis shows that the hermaphrodite stage in male L. polyactis may be explained by the sequence evolution of dmrt1. Decoding the L. polyactis genome not only provides insight into the genetic underpinnings of hermaphrodite evolution but also provides valuable information for enhancing fish aquaculture.