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Composition, nutritional value and uses  of Ricinodendron heudelotii, Vitex  doniana and Cleome gynandra seed oil, three indigenous oil species  sources of omega 3, 6 and 9 fatty acids: a review            
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  • Nadjidath ADOME,
  • Flora Josiane CHADARE,
  • Fernande Honfo,
  • Joseph Hounhouigan
Nadjidath ADOME
University of Abomey-Calavi

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Flora Josiane CHADARE
Université Nationale d'Agriculture
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Fernande Honfo
University of Abomey Faculty of Agricultural Sciences
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Joseph Hounhouigan
University of Abomey-Calavi
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Ricinodendron heudelotii, Vitex doniana and Cleome gynandra are three indigenous species of Benin/West Africa. This review focuses on the physicochemical characteristics of their seeds and the nutritional and functional properties of their oils. In this systematic review, scientific articles and reports were used to collect information. The minima, maxima and mean values were considered and converted into a dry basis and/or the same units by using the international system of units when needed to allow comparison. Seeds of Ricinodendron, Vitex and Cleome fat contents were 51.83 g/100 g dw, 28.55 g/100 g dw and 27.35 g/100 g dw, respectively. The three seed oils contained 58.54 to 87% mono and polyunsaturated fatty acids. Ricinodendron seed oil contained a conjugated polyunsaturated fatty acid α-eleostearic acid (49.3–51.1%). Data varied from one author to another due to the methods used. R. heudelotii seeds oil is traditionally used for the treatment of several diseases. Its oil showed phytochemical and antimicrobial properties suggesting its possible use in pharmaceutical industries. Ricinodendron and Vitex seed oil should not be used for cooking at high temperatures or frying because of their high and medium levels of unsaturation.
23 Jul 2021Submitted to Engineering Reports
27 Jul 2021Submission Checks Completed
27 Jul 2021Assigned to Editor
31 Jul 2021Reviewer(s) Assigned
10 Sep 2021Editorial Decision: Revise Minor
08 Oct 20211st Revision Received
10 Oct 2021Assigned to Editor
10 Oct 2021Submission Checks Completed
11 Oct 2021Reviewer(s) Assigned
11 Nov 2021Editorial Decision: Revise Major
10 Jan 20222nd Revision Received
12 Jan 2022Submission Checks Completed
12 Jan 2022Assigned to Editor
14 Jan 2022Reviewer(s) Assigned
02 Feb 2022Editorial Decision: Accept
27 Feb 2022Published in Engineering Reports. 10.1002/eng2.12507