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Composition, nutritional value and uses of Ricinodendron heudelotii, Vitex doniana and Cleome gynandra seeds oil, three indigenous oil species: a review
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  • Nadjidath ADOME,
  • Flora Josiane CHADARE,
  • Fernande Honfo,
  • Joseph Hounhouigan
Nadjidath ADOME
University of Abomey-Calavi
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Flora Josiane CHADARE
Université Nationale d'Agriculture
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Fernande Honfo
University of Abomey Faculty of Agricultural Sciences
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Joseph Hounhouigan
University of Abomey-Calavi
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Abstract

Ricinodendron heudelotii, Vitex doniana and Cleome gynandra are three indigenous species whose seeds contain oil that can provide interesting alternatives to conventional seed oil species. This review focused on the physicochemical characteristics of their seeds and the nutritional properties of the extracted oils. Scientific articles and reports were collected and needed information was extracted and synthesized. Ricinodendron seed oil is higher (51.83 mg/100 g) than that of Vitex (28.55 mg/100 g) and Cleome (27.35 mg/100 g). The three seed oils are polyunsaturated oils. Ricinodendron seed oil is composed mainly of linoleic acid (28.3-51.1%). Cleome seeds oil is mainly composed of linoleic acid (56.3% -61.1%) and oleic acid (19.6-23.9%). Ricinodendron seed oil can be used for the preparation of fast drying binder and resins. Vitex seed oil can be used for the production of resin, paint and skin cream production. No application of Cleome seed oil has been stated.

Peer review status:IN REVISION

23 Jul 2021Submitted to Engineering Reports
27 Jul 2021Assigned to Editor
27 Jul 2021Submission Checks Completed
31 Jul 2021Reviewer(s) Assigned
10 Sep 2021Editorial Decision: Revise Minor