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Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI): Is General Anaesthesia a Necessity?
  • Sugeevan Savarimuthu,
  • Amer Harky
Sugeevan Savarimuthu
Broomfield Hospital

Corresponding Author:sugeevan.savarimuthu@hotmail.com

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Amer Harky
Liverpool Heart and Chest Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
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Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) has emerged over the last decade and has become a viable treatment option for those with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis (AS). The numbers of TAVI that are being performed in centres across the world is rising rapidly, and revolutionising treatment for AS and steering away from the need for open heart surgery. TAVI has been targeted for those who are deemed high risk to undergo open heart surgery such as the elderly, frail, or those with multiple co-morbidities. General anaesthesia (GA) has been used to facilitate TAVI especially when the procedure was in its infancy. The use of GA comes with its own set of risks such as haemodynamic compromise, risk for aspiration, longer procedure time and post-operative nausea and vomiting. These side effects and or complications may not be tolerated well in those who are elderly or have numerous co-morbidities. This article seeks to understand the outcomes of patients who undergo TAVI with the support of sedation and local anaesthesia (LA) in comparison to those who received GA.