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Effects of toxic Microcystis aeruginosa on the expression of Hox genes in Daphnia similoides sinensis
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  • Xiaoxue Xu,
  • Daogui Deng,
  • Ya-nan Zhang,
  • Jianxun Wu,
  • Shuixiu Peng,
  • Zhongze Zhou
Xiaoxue Xu
Huaibei Normal University
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Daogui Deng
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Ya-nan Zhang
Huaibei Normal University
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Jianxun Wu
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Shuixiu Peng
Huaibei Normal University
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Zhongze Zhou
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Abstract

Lake eutrophication and cyanobacterial blooms have become worldwide environmental issues. Under cyanobacterial blooms (especially Microcystis), Daphnia spp. can transfer beneficial information to their offspring in order to improve adaptability. Hox genes are important regulatory factors of transcription in metazoans, and are involved in the growth and development of organisms. In this study, the effects of Microcystis aeruginosa on Hox gene expression in the mothers and offspring of Daphnia similoides sinensis were investigated using a mixed diet of M. aeruginosa and Scenedesmus obliquus, in two clones. There were significant differences in the survival rates of D. similoides sinensis under different food treatments. Our results suggest that the offspring produced by D. similoides sinensis mother pre-exposed to toxic M. aeruginosa had stronger adaptability to M. aeruginosa than those produced by previously unexposed mother. Additionally, Hox gene expressions of D. similoides sinensis had obvious differences between clones under stress of toxic M. aeruginosa.

Peer review status:IN REVISION

03 Feb 2021Submitted to Ecology and Evolution
09 Feb 2021Assigned to Editor
09 Feb 2021Submission Checks Completed
25 Jun 2021Reviewer(s) Assigned
18 Jul 2021Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
19 Jul 2021Editorial Decision: Revise Minor