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State-trait anxiety condition and its affecting factors in pregnant women linked to the COVID-19 pandemic
  • Handan Ozcan,
  • Ayse Elkoca,
  • Cagla Yigitbas
Handan Ozcan
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Ayse Elkoca
Gümüşhane Üniversitesi
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Cagla Yigitbas
Giresun University
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Abstract

Background and aim COVID-19 outbreak occurred in Wuhan, China in December 2019, and caused a worldwide crisis by becoming a pandemic in a short time. This study intends to address the COVID-19 pandemic process with specific regard to pregnant women, aiming to determine their state-trait anxiety levels. Methods The study has a quantitative design. Ethical permissions were obtained, data were collected digitally, and power analysis was performed for sample size. The sample size was calculated as 656 pregnant women. In the collection of the data, the Personal Information Form, and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) were used. Results In our study, the majority of pregnant women (86.3%) were concerned about the pandemic process, with more than half thinking that their pregnancy (62.9%) and delivery processes would be affected (66.2%). In the meantime, 60.2% of the pregnant women postponed their health checks and they indicated being most concerned about their babies (57.1%). In 51.2% of the pregnant women, the state anxiety levels were low, and 89.8% of the trait anxiety levels were moderate. Conclusion In crisis periods like the pandemic, pregnant women are among the priority groups. Screening, prevention, early diagnosis, and treatment of affective disorders in the prenatal period are important for maternal and fetal health. Keywords: COVID-19, pregnant, anxiety