Quality of life improvement after Obstructive Sleep Apnea treatment:
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure versus Multilevel Transoral Robotic
Objectives: The aim of this study has been to analyze effects on Quality
of Life (QoL) of the multilevel surgery for Obstructive Sleep Apnea
(OSA). Also, we have compared the impact on QoL of two different
treatments for patients with moderate to severe OSA such as CPAP and
transoral robotic surgery (TORS). Design: 67 OSA patients who underwent
multilevel robotic surgery and 67 OSA patients treated with CPAP were
enrolled in a Group 1 and Group 2 respectively. The Glasgow Benefit
Inventory (GBI) questionnaire has been administrated to all patients to
evaluate the changes in the QoL after the different OSA treatment.
Respiratory outcomes pre and post treatment were evaluated and compared.
Results: Group 1 showed a GBI total average value of +30.4, whereas the
group 2 a value of +33.2 . No statistical difference emerged (p=0.4).
General benefit score showed no difference between groups (p = 0.1).
Better values of social status benefit (p= 0.0006) emerged in CPAP
Group, whereas greater physical status benefit (p=0.04) was showed in
TORS Group. Delta-AHI (-23.7 ± 14.3 vs -31.7 ± 15.6; p = 0.001),
Delta-ODI (-24.5 ± 9.5 vs. -29.4 ±10.5; p = 0.001) showed better values
in CPAP group. Therapeutic success rate of Multilevel TORS Group was
73.1% and 91% in CPAP group (p = 0.01) respectively. Conclusion:
Multilevel TORS and CPAP have a positive effect in quality of life of
OSA patients. Greater social support has been reported in CPAP group and
better physical health status in TORS group.