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Analysis of COVID 19 Infection in Chronic Kidney Disease and Kidney Transplant Patients in Pandemic Hospital: What Has the Last Year Taught Us?
  • +1
  • nurettin ay,
  • Ramazan Danis,
  • Jehat Kılıc,
  • Derya Deniz Altıntaş
nurettin ay
Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital
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Ramazan Danis
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Jehat Kılıc
Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital
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Derya Deniz Altıntaş
Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Egitim ve Arastirma Hastanesi
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Abstract

Objective: This study aims to investigate the mortality factors in hemodialysis patients and kidney transplant patients with COVID-19 patients. Method: The demographic, clinic, laboratory, and radiologic signs of the kidney transplant and hemodialysis patients diagnosed with COVID-19 between 11 March 2020-11 March 2021 were evaluated. Results: To this study, 72 hemodialysis (median age, 57.5 Q1-Q3:43-65; female:36/50%) and 58 kidney transplant (median age, 44.5 Q1-Q3:28.75-55.25; female:21/36.2%) were included. Fifteen HD patients (20.8%) died. To identify the independent predictors of in-hospital mortality, multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed using the variables in the univariate analyses including age, female gender, diabetes mellitus, ferritin, d-dimer, albumin, CRP, procalcitonin, dyspnea. Age (OR:1.12, 95% [CI]: 1.03-1.21, p=0.004), and dyspnea (OR: 9,7 95% CI 1.80-52.2, p=0.008) were found to be associated with in-hospital mortality. Nine (15.5%) of transplant patients died. The median time from the beginning of symptoms to the time of admission was 3 days (2-5). And this rate was 2 (2-3) and 5 (4-5.75) days, respectively, for patients followed up in our center and the external centers (p<0.001). Although an increase in CRP, ferritin, D-dimer levels, dyspnea, and bilateral involvement in CT images was statistically significant in the univariate analysis, no single factor was found to be related to mortality in multivariate analysis. Conclusion: Both HD and renal transplant patients should be followed closely. Early admission of HD and RT patients might be life-saving when suspected. Early inclusion of these patients into the vaccination program might reduce mortality. However, large-scale prospective randomized studies are needed.