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SMALL-SCALE SEAWATER ELECTRODEIONIZATION
  • +2
  • Khoiruddin Khoiruddin,
  • Ahmad Hakim,
  • Martin Bazant,
  • Mohammad Alkhadra,
  • I. Gede Wenten
Khoiruddin Khoiruddin
Institut Teknologi Bandung
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Ahmad Hakim
Institut Teknologi Bandung
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Martin Bazant
MIT
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Mohammad Alkhadra
MIT
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I. Gede Wenten
Institut Teknologi Bandung
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Abstract

In this work, the performance of electrodeionization (EDI) in seawater desalination was investigated. EDI stack design and operating parameters (applied voltage, recovery, and multi-stage process) were examined during a batch-mode desalination process. The results show that EDI can achieve 99.5% salt removal in a stack with 4 mm spacer thickness (at 20 V applied voltage, 75% recovery, and 2 mL/s circulation flow rate). A thinner spacer thickness can enable a higher desalination rate and lower final solution temperature. Compared to a single-stage process, two-stage desalination can maintain the salt-removal rate, suppress reverse salt diffusion, and shorten the desalination time required to produce similar water quality. The specific energy consumption of EDI is below 12 kWh/m3 or less than 120 Wh for producing 10 L freshwater. Considering its simplicity, EDI can be an attractive alternative for small-scale, decentralized desalination facilities.