In this work, the performance of electrodeionization (EDI) in seawater
desalination was investigated. EDI stack design and operating parameters
(applied voltage, recovery, and multi-stage process) were examined
during a batch-mode desalination process. The results show that EDI can
achieve 99.5% salt removal in a stack with 4 mm spacer thickness (at 20
V applied voltage, 75% recovery, and 2 mL/s circulation flow rate). A
thinner spacer thickness can enable a higher desalination rate and lower
final solution temperature. Compared to a single-stage process,
two-stage desalination can maintain the salt-removal rate, suppress
reverse salt diffusion, and shorten the desalination time required to
produce similar water quality. The specific energy consumption of EDI is
below 12 kWh/m3 or less than 120 Wh for producing 10 L freshwater.
Considering its simplicity, EDI can be an attractive alternative for
small-scale, decentralized desalination facilities.