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Pre-pregnancy body mass index does not impact live birth rate after frozen-thawed euploid embryo transfer: a retrospective cohort study
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  • Xitong Liu,
  • Li Tian,
  • He Cai,
  • Juanzi Shi,
  • Haiyan Bai
Xitong Liu
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Juanzi Shi
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Haiyan Bai
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Abstract

Objective To assess the effects body mass index (BMI) on live birth rates in patients undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) with trophectoderm biopsy and preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidies (PGT-A) when transferring a single euploid blastocyst. Design Retrospective cohort study. Setting Public fertility center in China. Population 821 women who underwent first cycle of frozen-thawed single euploid blastocyst transfer between 2012 and 2020. Methods Patients were grouped by World Health Organization (WHO) BMI class: underweight (<18.5, n=80), normal weight (18.5-24.9, n=602), overweight (25-30, n=112), and obese (≥30, n=27). A logistic regression model was used to assess the association between BMI and live birth while adjusting for potential confounders. Main outcome measures Live-birth rate was primary outcome. Results There was no difference in the birth weight, miscarriage, preterm birth, pregnancy complication, type of delivery and fetal gender by BMI category. The clinical pregnancy rate was higher in the overweight and obese groups. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, we fail to demonstrate a statistically significant relationship between BMI and live birth in underweight (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 0.80; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.47-1.35, p=0.402), overweight (AOR 0.85; 95% CI, 0.54-1.35, p=0.491) or obese (AOR 1.07; 95% CI, 0.48-2.38, p=0.864) patients compared with the normal weight reference group. Conclusion No statistically significant relationship was identified between BMI and live birth in patients undergoing IVF with PGT-A, suggesting that the negative impact of obesity on IVF and clinical outcomes may be related to aneuploidy.