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Impact of nonpharmacological COVID-19 interventions in hospitalizations for pneumonia in Brazil
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  • Frederico Friedrich,
  • Laura e Garcia,
  • Lucas Petry,
  • Marina Pieta,
  • Gustavo Carvalho,
  • Giovani Zocche,
  • Renata Ongaratto,
  • Magali Lumertz,
  • Marcos Brum,
  • Renato Stein,
  • Marcelo Scotta,
  • Marcus Jones,
  • Leonardo Pinto
Frederico Friedrich
Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul Faculty of Medicine
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Laura e Garcia
Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul Faculty of Medicine
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Lucas Petry
Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul Faculty of Medicine
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Marina Pieta
Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul Faculty of Medicine
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Gustavo Carvalho
Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul Faculty of Medicine
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Giovani Zocche
Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul Faculty of Medicine
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Renata Ongaratto
Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Rio Grande do Sul
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Magali Lumertz
Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul Faculty of Medicine
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Marcos Brum
Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul Faculty of Medicine
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Renato Stein
Pontificia Universidade Catolica, Brazil
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Marcelo Scotta
Biomedical Research Institute, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul
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Marcus Jones
PUCRS
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Leonardo Pinto
Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Rio Grande do Sul
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Abstract

Background and Objective: The knowledge about the impact of the nonpharmacological measures to control the COVID-19 pandemic can give insight to ways in which they can also be applied for other respiratory diseases. To assess the impact of containment measures of the COVID-19 pandemic on pneumonia hospitalizations in children from 0 to 14 years of age in Brazil. Methods: Data from hospital admissions for pneumonia were obtained from the Department of Informatics of Brazilian Public Health System database in the period of 2015–2020 and analyzed by macro-regions and age groups. To evaluate the effect of containment measures, used in the pandemic, on the incidence of pneumonia, the absolute reduction and relative reduction were calculated by analyzing the subsets 2015-2019 vs 2020. Results: Comparing the subsets of April-August 2015-2019 vs April-August 2020, there was an expressive reduction in the average incidence of hospitalizations, with numbers ranging from -87% [IRR 0.12 (0.10 to 0.14)] for < 4 years, -79% [IRR 0.21 (0.07 to 0.57)] for 5-9 years, -73% [IRR 0.26 (0.05 to 1.21)] for 10-14 and -86% [IRR 0.14 (0.06 to 0.29)] for <14 years. Conclusion: We found a significant decrease in cases of pneumonia during the COVID-19 pandemic. Nonpharmacological public health interventions can contribute to the decline of other respiratory infectious diseases.

Peer review status:ACCEPTED

20 Apr 2021Submitted to Pediatric Pulmonology
21 Apr 2021Submission Checks Completed
21 Apr 2021Assigned to Editor
23 Apr 2021Reviewer(s) Assigned
10 May 2021Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
15 May 2021Editorial Decision: Revise Major
29 Jun 20211st Revision Received
30 Jun 2021Submission Checks Completed
30 Jun 2021Assigned to Editor
30 Jun 2021Reviewer(s) Assigned
02 Jul 2021Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
02 Jul 2021Editorial Decision: Accept