loading page

Older adult females hospitalized with cardiovascular disease outweigh male older adults in receiving Potentially Inappropriate Medication
  • +1
  • rishabh Sharma,
  • Parveen Bansal,
  • Manik Chhabra,
  • Malika Arora
rishabh Sharma

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

Author Profile
Parveen Bansal
Baba Farid University of Health Sciences
Author Profile
Manik Chhabra
Indo Soviet Friendship College of Pharmacy
Author Profile
Malika Arora
Guru Gobind Singh Medical College and Hospital
Author Profile


Introduction: There are a lack of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) predictors among the geriatric population with cardiovascular disease (CVD). Objective: This study was focussed on finding out the predictors and prevalence of PIMs use in the older adult patients hospitalized with cardiovascular disease. Methods: This prospective cross-sectional study included 250 older adult patients (mean age 69.03± 5.76 years) with the CVD having age 65 years or more, admitted in the cardiology/medicine department of a tertiary care hospital. PIMs were identified as per Beers criteria 2019. Binary Logistic regression analysis was used to determine the predictors of PIMs use in older adult patients. Results: Results indicate a very high PIM prescription rate of more than 62.4% (n= 156) with Proton pump inhibitor, short acting insulin according to sliding scale, Enoxaparin <30ml/min as the most commonly prescribed PIMs. On Binary logistic regression, important predictors for PIMs use were found to be females (odds ratio [OR] 2.36, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.36- 4.09, P= 0.002), three diagnosis (OR 4.29, 95% CI 1.31- 14.0, P= 0.016), ≥4 diagnosis (OR 4.8, 95% CI 1.49- 15.44, P= 0.009), 7-9 days of hospital stay (OR 4.74, 95% CI 1.07- 20.96, P= 0.04), ≥ 9 medications per day (OR 0.09, 95% CI 0.01- 0.50, P= 0.006). Conclusion: The prevalence of PIMs in older adults with cardiovascular disease is very high, and females with CVD have emerged as a potential PIM indicator. The study also indicates a lack of awareness towards Beer criteria in health care workers (physicians/pharmacists/nursing staff) leading to PIM.