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Complete Mitochondrial Genomes of Three Skippers in the Tribe Aeromachini (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae: Hesperiinae) and Their Phylogenetic Implications
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  • Xiangyu Hao,
  • Jiaqi Liu,
  • Hideyuki Chiba,
  • Jintian Xiao,
  • Xiangqun Yuan
Xiangyu Hao
Northwest A&F University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Jiaqi Liu
Northwest A&F University
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Hideyuki Chiba
Bishop Museum
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Jintian Xiao
Northwest A&F University
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Xiangqun Yuan
Northwest A&F University
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The mitochondrial genome is now widely used in the study of the phylogenetics and molecular evolution due to its maternal inheritance, fast evolutionary rate and highly conserved gene content. To explore the phylogenetic relationships of the tribe Aeromachini within the subfamily Hesperiinae at the mitochondrial genomics level, we sequenced and annotated the complete mitogenomes of 3 skippers: Amipittia virgata, Halpe nephele and Onryza maga. All of these mitogenomes are double-stranded and have circular molecules with a total length of 15,333 bp, 15,291 bp and 15,381 bp, respectively. The mitogenomes all contain 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 22 transfer RNAs (tRNAs), 2 ribosomal RNAs (rRNAs) and a non-coding AT-rich region, and are consistent with other lepidopterans in gene order and type. In addition, we reconstruted the phylogenetic trees of Hesperiinae using maximum likelihood (ML) and Bayesian inference (BI) methods based on mitogenomic data. Results show that the 3 Aeromachini species in this study robustly constitute a monophyletic group in the subfamily Hesperiinae, with the relationships Coeliadinae + (Euschemoninae + ((Pyrginae + (Eudaminae + Tagiadinae)) + (Heteropterinae + (Barcinae + Hesperiinae)))). Moreover, our study supports the view that Apostictopterus fuliginosus and Barca bicolor should be placed out of the subfamily Hesperiinae.
10 Dec 2020Submitted to Ecology and Evolution
11 Dec 2020Submission Checks Completed
11 Dec 2020Assigned to Editor
24 Feb 2021Reviewer(s) Assigned
12 Mar 2021Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
17 Mar 2021Editorial Decision: Revise Minor
19 Apr 20211st Revision Received
20 Apr 2021Submission Checks Completed
20 Apr 2021Assigned to Editor
20 Apr 2021Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
28 Apr 2021Editorial Decision: Accept
Jun 2021Published in Ecology and Evolution volume 11 issue 12 on pages 8381-8393. 10.1002/ece3.7666