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The clinical efficacy of continuous renal replacement in the treatment of acute pancreatitis: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
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  • sijia Ma,
  • mingming Zhao,
  • zhiyu Pan,
  • jiao Fan,
  • xuexue Zhang,
  • yu zhang
sijia Ma

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mingming Zhao
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xuexue Zhang
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Abstract:Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of continuous renal replacement therapy(CRRT) on patients with acute pancreatitis(AP). Methods: A comprehensive search of seven databases without language restrictions includes PubMed, Cochrane Library, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI) and Wan fang database. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for the treatment of acute pancreatitis with CRRT were searched. All the included literatures were published before December 2020. Two review authors independently selected the study and extracted the data according to the inclusion criteria. A third review author will and discuss with the first two review authors and resolve the differences. Weighted mean difference(WMD), risk ratio (RR), and 95% confidence interval (CI) were used for estimating the clinical efficacy of AP in CRRT and control treatment. Results: Fifty-three RCTs met the inclusion criteria and were used in the meta-analysis, with a total of 3,382 effective samples. A comprehensive review of the system shows that the mortality rate of the CRRT group was significantly lower than that of the control group, and the difference was statistically significant(RR=0.44,95%CI0.34 to 0.57,P< 0.000001), the patients using CRRT had lower APACHE Ⅱ scores level(WMD=-3.78, 95%CI-4.66 to -2.90,P<0.00001),higher CRP, PCT,TNF-αand IL-6 clearance effect. According to liver function, the patients using CRRT had lower ALT and AST levels. In the same way, according to renal function, the patients using CRRT had lower SCr (WMD=-94.28, 95%CI-125.47 to -63.10, P<0.00001). The patients using CRRT also had higher ALB levels(WMD=2.32, 95%CI-1.05 to 3.59 ,P=0.0003). Moreover, Results shown no statistical difference in Serum potassium level (WMD=-0.00, 95%CI-0.31 to 0.31,P=1.00)between the two groups. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that treatment with CRRT for acute pancreatitis may be more beneficial than conventional treatment. However, high-quality studies with a larger sample size are still needed to confirm our results.