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Clinicopathological study of surgery for pulmonary metastases of hepatoblastoma with indocyanine green fluorescent imaging
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  • Misa Yoshida,
  • Mio Tanaka,
  • Norihiko Kitagawa,
  • Masato Shinkai,
  • Hiroaki Goto,
  • Yukichi Tanaka
Misa Yoshida
Kanagawa Childrens Medical Center

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Mio Tanaka
Kanagawa Childrens Medical Center
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Norihiko Kitagawa
Kanagawa Childrens Medical Center
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Masato Shinkai
Kanagawa Childrens Medical Center
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Hiroaki Goto
Kanagawa Childrens Medical Center
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Yukichi Tanaka
Kanagawa Childrens Medical Center
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Background: The prognosis of metastatic hepatoblastoma remains poor; to improve it, pulmonary metastasis must be controlled. Indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescent imaging has been used recently for lung metastasectomy. The objective of our study was to clarify the usefulness of ICG imaging for lung metastasectomy of hepatoblastoma using detailed clinicopathological analysis. Procedure: Patients with hepatoblastoma who underwent resection of pulmonary metastases with ICG fluorescent imaging were studied using retrospective analysis of clinical information, a review of their surgical records, and a histological analysis of their metastatic nodules. Results: Sixteen patients were enrolled. In total, 61 ICG-imaging-guided pulmonary metastasectomies were performed, and 350 ICG-positive and 23 ICG-negative specimens were identified. Tumors were confirmed in 250 of the ICG-positive specimens, including eight nonpalpable nodules, on microscopic examination. One hundred ICG-positive specimens and histologically tumor-negative specimens showed histological changes suggesting the regression of a tumor or bloodstream disturbance. The palpable ICG-negative tumors showed more-severe atypia than the ICG-positive tumors. Conclusions: This study demonstrates the high sensitivity of ICG imaging in detecting metastatic lesions of hepatoblastoma. Histological examinations suggested that ICG imaging detects not only tumor cells, but also nontumorous pulmonary tissues affected by bloodstream disturbance. Because a number of false-positive specimens were detected, further optimization of the dose of ICG and the timing of its administration may be required for thorough metastasectomy. Several false-negative specimens were also detected, suggesting the presence of ICG-negative metastatic tumors. Palpation during operation and imaging studies remain essential for detecting metastatic lesions, even in the era of ICG imaging.
05 Feb 2021Assigned to Editor
05 Feb 2021Submitted to Pediatric Blood & Cancer
05 Feb 2021Submission Checks Completed
08 Feb 2021Reviewer(s) Assigned
02 Mar 2021Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
02 Mar 2021Editorial Decision: Revise Major
30 Jun 20211st Revision Received
30 Jun 2021Submission Checks Completed
30 Jun 2021Assigned to Editor
21 Jul 2021Reviewer(s) Assigned
08 Aug 2021Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
11 Aug 2021Editorial Decision: Revise Minor
05 Nov 2021Submission Checks Completed
05 Nov 2021Assigned to Editor
05 Nov 20212nd Revision Received
08 Nov 2021Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
08 Nov 2021Editorial Decision: Accept
Jul 2022Published in Pediatric Blood & Cancer volume 69 issue 7. 10.1002/pbc.29488