Public Knowledge of Chronic Kidney Disease in a Resource-Limited
Setting: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Aim: Awareness of chronic kidney disease (CKD) includes general
knowledge of CKD and its risk factors. The current study aimed at
assessing the public knowledge of CKD by using a validated tool.
Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted. The
target population of this study was lay public, and health professionals
were excluded from the study. Proportional numbers of study participants
were included from each sub-city based on their total population size.
The data was analyzed using SPSS version 21. Frequencies, table’s
percentage, mean and standard deviation were used to describe
participants’ responses: Independent T-test and one way ANOVA statics
was used to identify factors associated with public knowledge of CKD.
Results: A total of 350 individuals were approached, 301 of whom
completed and returned the questionnaire, giving a response rate of
86%. In this study, the mean (S.D.) knowledge score of participants was
11.12 (±4.21), with a minimum of 0 and a maximum of 22. Concerning the
distribution of the CKD knowledge score, half of the respondents score
11 and less. One way ANOVA revealed that educational level had a
significant effect on knowledge of CKD. Respondents who had an
educational background of degree had relatively higher knowledge scores
than the other category participants (P-value= 0.015). An independent
t-test was also performed but failed to reveal any association between
socio-demographic characteristics and knowledge score. Conclusions: The
general knowledge level of the Ethiopian population about CKD and its
risk factors is low. Currently, non-communicable disease such as
diabetes and hypertension becomes public health concern and are one of
the significant risk factors for CKD. As the study indicated, even these
groups of populations were not adequately informed regarding their
increased risk of developing CKD. Keywords: chronic kidney disease,
public knowledge, Ethiopia