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Measurement of Patient Confidence in Self-Management of Atrial Fibrillation: Initial Validation of The Confidence in Atrial fibriLlation Management (CALM) Scale
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  • Connor Tripp,
  • Anil Gehi,
  • Lindsey Rosman,
  • Scarlett Anthony,
  • Samuel Sears
Connor Tripp
East Carolina University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Anil Gehi
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill
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Lindsey Rosman
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine
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Scarlett Anthony
East Carolina University
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Samuel Sears
East Carolina University
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Abstract Background: The patient experience of atrial fibrillation (AF) involves several daily self-care behaviors and ongoing confidence to manage their condition. Currently, no standardized self-report measure of AF patient confidence exists. The purpose of this study is to establish the reliability and validity of a newly developed confidence in AF management measure. Methods: This study provides preliminary analysis of the Confidence in Atrial FibriLlation Management (CALM) scale, which was rationally developed to measure patient confidence related to self-management of AF. The scale was provided to a sample of AF patients N=120, (59% male) electronically through a patient education platform. Principle components analysis (PCA) and Cronbach’s alpha were employed to provide preliminary assessment of the validity and reliability of the measure. Results: PCA identified a four-factor solution. Internal consistency of the CALM was considered excellent with Cronbach’s α = .910. Additional PCA confirmed the value of a single factor solution to produce a total confidence score for improved utility and ease of clinical interpretation. Conclusions: Initial assessment of a novel scale measuring patient confidence in managing AF provided promising reliability and validity. Patient confidence in self-management of AF may prove useful as a key marker and endpoint of the patient experience beyond QOL.
21 Dec 2020Submitted to Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
23 Dec 2020Submission Checks Completed
23 Dec 2020Assigned to Editor
27 Dec 2020Reviewer(s) Assigned
26 Jan 2021Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
29 Jan 2021Editorial Decision: Revise Minor
23 Mar 20211st Revision Received
26 Mar 2021Assigned to Editor
26 Mar 2021Submission Checks Completed
26 Mar 2021Reviewer(s) Assigned
09 Apr 2021Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
11 Apr 2021Editorial Decision: Revise Minor
13 Apr 20212nd Revision Received
19 Apr 2021Submission Checks Completed
19 Apr 2021Assigned to Editor
19 Apr 2021Reviewer(s) Assigned
19 Apr 2021Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
19 Apr 2021Editorial Decision: Accept
Jun 2021Published in Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology volume 32 issue 6 on pages 1640-1645. 10.1111/jce.15050