Comparison for the Production of Essential Oil by Conventional, Novel
and Biotechnology Methods
AbstractPlant essential oils are natural and aromatic compounds that are found
in small amounts in plants and have many interesting applications as
flavors and fragrances in perfumery, cosmetics, pharmaceutical, food,
agriculture, industry and etc. Essential oils can be produced by various
techniques including conventional, novel and biotechnology methods. can
be considered as a good alternative to conventional methods due to short
extraction time, higher efficiency and quality, non-degradable compounds
due to heat, no pollution and etc. Recently, due to the limitations and
disadvantages of methods of extraction from intact plants, scientists
have been trying to move their way to biotechnology methods and make a
variety of plant aromatic compounds by microorganisms. In the
biotechnology method, there is no any concern about factors such climate
conditions, supply shortages, natural disasters, plant diseases and etc.
and a product with very high efficiency and quality is obtained.