Evaluation of Risk Factors of Diabetes Mellitus among Out-patients in
two Nigerian Secondary Health Facilities
Aim: Prevention of type 2 diabetes is enabled by identification and
effective management of risk factors. The study was conducted to
evaluate the risk factors associated with the development of type 2
diabetes. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on persons
without diabetes in two secondary hospitals using Canadian diabetes risk
assessment questionnaire. Data analysis was done using SPSS version 18.
Result: A total of 300 respondents participated in the study and 160
(53.3%) were at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes. From the risk
evaluation, males (62.5%), overweight (65.1%) and obese (82.6%)
participants; were at high risk for type 2 diabetes. Others found to be
at high risk were; respondents with high waist circumference (55.6%),
respondents who did not exercise (77.0%), those who did not eat fruits
and vegetable daily (54.4% ), those with high blood pressure (67.5% )
and those who have had raised blood sugar in the past (71.0% ).
Conclusion: Majority of the study participants was at high risk for type
2 diabetes and male participants had higher risks than their female
counterparts. Other socio-demographic factors also presented major risks
for type 2 diabetes.