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Experimental Set Up and Data Analysis Considerations for DNA- and RNA-SIP Experiments in the Omics Era
  • Roey Angel
Roey Angel
Soil and Water Research Infrastructure and Institute of Soil Biology, Biology Centre CAS, Czechia

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Careful and thoughtful experimental design is crucial to the success of any SIP experiment. This chapter discusses the essential aspects of designing a SIP experiment, focusing primarily on DNA- and RNA-SIP. The design aspects discussed here begin with considerations for carrying out the incubation, such as, the effect of choosing different stable isotopes and target biomolecules, how enriched should a labelled substrate be, what concentration to use and how long the incubation should take. Then tips and pitfalls in the technical execution of SIP are listed, including how much nucleic acids should be loaded, how many fractions to collect and what centrifuge rotor to use. Lastly, a brief overview of the current methods for analysing SIP data is presented, focusing on high-throughput amplicon sequencing, together with a discussion on how the choice of analysis method might affect the experimental design.