loading page

The invention of n-back: An extremely brief history
  • Michael Kane,
  • Andrew Conway
Michael Kane
University of North Carolina at Greensboro

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

Author Profile
Andrew Conway
Claremont Graduate University
Author Profile


The article by Kane, Conway, Miura, and Colflesh (2007), on the n-back as a test of working memory, began its life as a full length manuscript. It was ultimately published, however, as a short report. The following discussion of the n-back task’s invention needed to be cut from the original manuscript, but we thought that others might find it useful.