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Educational Scholarship in the Digital Age: A Scoping Review and Analysis of Scholarly Products
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  • Brent Thoma,
  • Teresa Chan,
  • Javier Benitez,
  • Michelle Lin
Brent Thoma
Emergency Medicine Residency Program, University of Saskatchewan

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Teresa Chan
Department of Medicine, Division of Emergency Medicine, McMaster University
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Javier Benitez
MedEdLIFE Research Collaborative
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Michelle Lin
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California San Francisco
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Boyer’s framework of scholarship was published before significant growth in digital technology. As more digital products are produced by medical educators, determining their scholarly value is of increasing importance. This scoping systematic review developed a taxonomy of digital products and determined their fit within Boyer’s framework of scholarship. We conducted a broad literature search for descriptions of digital products in the medical literature in July 2013 using Medline, EMBASE, ERIC, PSYCHinfo, and Google Scholar. A framework analysis categorized each product using Boyer’s model of scholarship, while a thematic analysis defined a taxonomy of digital products. 7422 abstracts were found and 524 met inclusion criteria. Digital products mapped primarily to the scholarship of teaching (85.4%) followed by integration (7.6%), application (5.5%), and discovery (1.5%). A taxonomy of 19 categories was defined. Web-based or computer assisted learning (41%) was described most frequently. We found that digital products are well described in medical literature and fit into Boyer’s framework of scholarship and proposed a taxonomy of digital products that parallel traditional forms of the scholarship of teaching and learning. This research should inform the development of tools to examine the impact and quality of digital products.