loading page

Wintertime blocking regimes over Europe are projected to become less persistent in a warming climate
  • +1
  • Joshua Dorrington,
  • Kristian Strommen,
  • Federico Fabiano,
  • Franco Molteni
Joshua Dorrington
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology

Corresponding Author:joshua.dorrington@kit.edu

Author Profile
Kristian Strommen
University of Oxford
Author Profile
Federico Fabiano
Author Profile
Franco Molteni
European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts
Author Profile


To better understand the impacts of climate change on Europe, it is important to understand changes in the wintertime large-scale circulation. The framework of weather regimes provides a powerful tool for studying the highly nonlinear Euro-Atlantic circulation, but exactly how these regimes will be altered by anthropogenic climate change is still imperfectly understood. Using the recently developed approach of geopotential-jet regimes, applied to an ensemble of state-of-the-art CMIP6 models, we show that the centres of action of anticyclonic regimes are not projected to change substantially by the end of century, even under an extreme warming scenario. Instead, the regimes are expected to become less persistent, making long-lived blocking events less likely. We show that these two key elements of the regime response can be captured in a simple Lorenz-like model subjected to parameter variations, emphasising the conceptual link between observed atmospheric regimes and the regimes identified in basic mathematical systems.