Water security is a global threat that is intensifying with increasing
demands for freshwater and climate change. Scientific advances provide
tools to address issues of water quantity and quality, but new advances
in conflict resolution (CR) theory are also required. Here, we discuss
new CR theory (conflict analysis as the intervention, and the use of
middle-influencers as key players), along with a case-study of the
application of these CR advances in a water-stressed region of Canada.
We argue that continued adaptation, iteration, and refinement of CR
theory involving both social and natural scientists is crucial for
addressing water-related conflicts globally.