loading page

A multi-task encoder-decoder to separating earthquake and ambient 1 noise signal in seismograms
  • Jiuxun Yin,
  • Marine Denolle,
  • Bing He
Jiuxun Yin
Harvard University

Corresponding Author:yinjiuxun@icloud.com

Author Profile
Marine Denolle
University of Washington
Author Profile
Bing He
University of Rhode Island
Author Profile


Seismograms contain multiple sources of seismic waves, from distinct transient signals such as earthquakes to ambient seismic vibrations such as microseism. Ambient vibrations contaminate the earthquake signals, while the earthquake signals pollute the ambient noise’s statistical properties necessary for ambient-noise seismology analysis. Separating ambient noise from earthquake signals would thus benefit multiple seismological analyses. This work develops a multi-task encoder-decoder network to separate transient signals from ambient signals directly in the time domain for 3-component seismograms. We choose the active-volcanic Big Island in Hawai’i as a natural laboratory given its richness in transients (tectonic and volcanic earthquakes) and diffuse ambient noise (strong microseism). The approach takes a noisy seismogram as input and independently predicts the earthquake and noise waveforms. The model is trained on earthquake and noise waveforms from the STandford EArthquake Dataset (STEAD) and on the local noise of a seismic station. We estimate the network’s performance using the Explained Variance (EV) metric on both earthquake and noise waveforms. We explore different network architectures and find that the long-short-term-memory bottleneck performs best over other structures, which we refer to as the WaveDecompNet. Overall we find that WaveDecompNet provides satisfactory performance down to signal-to noise-ratio (SNR) of 0.1. The potential of the method is 1) to improve broadband SNR of transient (earthquake) waveforms and 2) to improve local ambient noise to monitor the Earth structure using ambient noise signals. To test this, we apply a short-time-average to a long-time-average (STA/LTA) filter and improve the detection 27 times. We also measure single-station cross-correlation and autocorrelations of the recovered ambient noise and establish their improved coherence through time and over different frequency bands. We conclude that WaveDecompNet is a promising tool for a range of seismological research.