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Dynamics of rain-triggered lahars inferred from infrasound array and time-lapse camera correlation at Volcán de Fuego, Guatemala.
  • Ashley Bosa
Ashley Bosa
Boise State University

Corresponding Author:ashleybosa@u.boisestate.edu

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Lahars, or volcanic mudflows, are one of the most devastating natural, volcanic hazards. We present an analysis of several rain-triggered lahar events at Volcán Fuego in Guatemala with an infrasound array and time-lapse camera network deployed along the Las Lajas river channel. While infrasound detects the passage of low frequency sound waves associated with these mudflows, the time-lapse cameras can be used to verify lahar passages and channel responses as these flows move downstream. Twenty-three infrasound microphones and five time-lapse cameras were deployed during the 2021 rainy season (May-October) in the Las Lajas drainage on the southeasterly side of Volcán de Fuego. With the data collected over this field campaign, we hope to quantify flow parameters such as volumes, velocities, and the frequency of these rain-triggered mudflows, as well as characterize flow behaviors in our infrasound signals by correlating data to the time-lapse imagery. This study allows us to identify the occurrence of several lahars, quantify important characteristics, and use a multi-faceted approach to verify and delineate important flow behaviors related to these volcanic hazards.