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A Framework to Evaluate Convective Aggregation: Examples with Different Microphysics Schemes
  • Jin-De Huang,
  • Chien-Ming Wu
Jin-De Huang
National Taiwan University
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Chien-Ming Wu
National Taiwan University

Corresponding Author:mog@as.ntu.edu.tw

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This study introduces a framework to evaluate convective aggregation (CA) under radiative-convective equilibrium simulations using the vector vorticity equation cloud-resolving model (VVM) coupled to a mixed-layer slab ocean. The framework introduces the competing effects between the convection-SST feedback (CSF) and the moisture-convection feedback (MCF) by modifying the initial SST gradient and the mixed layer depth. Examples of applying this framework are demonstrated by comparing simulations with different microphysics schemes. The convectional five-category scheme (VVM-Lin) and the predicted particle properties scheme (P3) are examined by the matrix formed by these two factors. A clear bifurcation of the aggregated/non-aggregated states can be identified in both sets of experiments. The change of the bifurcation between two sets of experiments suggests that the P3 experiments tend to develop CA due to the stronger MCF. The budget analysis of spatial frozen moist static energy variance is applied to quantify the stronger MCF in the P3 simulations. Convective systems in P3 simulations develop more organized structures, which enhances MCF and leads to CA. The proposed framework provides a reconciled view of the process-based evaluation of CA among cloud-resolving models that use different dynamics and physical parameterizations.
16 Mar 2022Published in Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres volume 127 issue 5. 10.1029/2021JD035886