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Response of planetary waves and tides to the 2019 Southern Hemisphere SSW and Q2DW enhancement in Jan-Feb 2020 observed by CONDOR meteor radar in Chile and Adelaide meteor radar in Australia
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  • Zishun Qiao,
  • Alan Liu,
  • Iain Reid,
  • Javier Fuentes,
  • Chris Adami
Zishun Qiao
Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Corresponding Author:qiaoz1@my.erau.edu

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Alan Liu
Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University
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Iain Reid
The University of Adelaide
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Javier Fuentes
Gemini Observatory
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Chris Adami
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A new multi-static meteor radar (CONDOR) has recently been installed in northern Chile. This CONDOR meteor radar (30.3°S, 70.7°W) and the Adelaide meteor radar (35°S, 138°E) have provided longitudinally spaced observations of the mean winds, tides and planetary waves of the PW-tides interaction cases we present here. We have observed a Quasi-6-Day Wave (Q6DW) enhancement in MLT winds at the middle latitudes (30.3°S, 35°S) during the unusual minor South Hemisphere SSW 2019 by the ground-based meteor radars. Tidal analysis also indicates modulation of the Q6DW w/ amplitude ~15 [m/s] and diurnal tides w/ amplitude ~60 [m/s]. Another case we present here is a dominant Quasi-2-Day Wave (Q2DW) with up to 50 [km/s] amplitude occurring in SH summer 2020 and its interaction with the diurnal and semidiurnal tides. The period of this Q2DW activity changes from ~50hr to ~48hr since Jan 19, which suggests the phase locking mechanism [McCormack et al., 2010]. The 24hr-feature and 12hr-feature show off-phase variations during the Q2DW enhancement time with amplitude of ~40 [m/s].