loading page

Changes in the Arctic Ocean carbon cycle with diminishing ice cover
  • +3
  • Michael D. DeGrandpre,
  • Wiley Evans,
  • Mary-Louise Timmermans,
  • Richard A. Krishfield,
  • William J Williams,
  • Michael Steele
Michael D. DeGrandpre
University of Montana

Corresponding Author:michael.degrandpre@umontana.edu

Author Profile
Wiley Evans
Hakai Institute
Author Profile
Mary-Louise Timmermans
Yale University
Author Profile
Richard A. Krishfield
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Author Profile
William J Williams
DFO-IOS, Sydney, BC
Author Profile
Michael Steele
University of Washington
Author Profile


Less than three decades ago only a small fraction of the Arctic Ocean (AO) was ice free and then only for short periods. The ice cover kept sea surface COat levels lower relative to other ocean basins that have been exposed year round to ever increasing atmospheric levels. In this study, we evaluate sea surface COmeasurements collected over a 6-year period along a fixed cruise track in the Canada Basin. The measurements show that mean COlevels are significantly higher during low ice years. The COincrease is likely driven by ocean surface heating and uptake of atmospheric COwith large interannual variability in the contributions of these processes. These findings suggest that increased ice-free periods will further increase sea surface CO, reducing the Canada Basin’s current role as a net sink of atmospheric CO.
28 Jun 2020Published in Geophysical Research Letters volume 47 issue 12. 10.1029/2020GL088051