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Creating a Consistent Multi-Decadal Oceanic TRMM-GPM Brightness Temperature Data Record
  • Maria Marta Jacob,
  • linwood jones,
  • Ruiyao Chen
Maria Marta Jacob

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linwood jones
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Ruiyao Chen

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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The Tropical Rainfall Measurement Mission (TRMM) Microwave Imager (TMI) and the Global Precipitation Measuring (GPM) Microwave Imager (GMI) have been used as the radiometric transfer standard one after another for the GPM constellation radiometers, during the past nearly two decades. Given that GMI and TMI share only a 13-month common operational period, for the time there is no overlap in between, WindSat can serve as the calibration bridge to provide additional intercalibration for the realization of a consistent multi-decadal oceanic brightness temperature (Tb) product. Thus, we conducted the intercalibration of TMI/GMI for 13-month period, TMI/WindSat for >9 years’ overlap period, and WindSat/GMI XCAL for one year, to assess the Tb bias of one to another. A multi-decadal oceanic Tb dataset was thereafter achieved to ensure a consistent long-term precipitation record that covers TRMM and GPM eras. Moreover, a generic uncertainty quantification model (UQM) was developed by taking various sources of uncertainties into account rigorously and orderly. This UQM model was then applied to quantify the uncertainty estimates associated with these Tb biases. This allows the unified high-sampling-frequency and globally-covered Tb product with associated boundary uncertainties to be much improved for scientific utilization as compared to existing Tb products that are with ad-hoc uncertainties estimates. Moreover, based upon the results of uncertainty quantification process, it is recognized that there is room for improvement in the intercalibration for the water vapor sensitive channels. Further analysis indicates that the issue may be associated with the atmospheric water vapor profile input to the radiative transfer model. Suggestions are subsequently made to use water vapor profile retrieved from millimeter radiometer sounders’ measurements (rather than numerical weather predictions) to determine the impact on the Tb biases of these problematic channels.